EXACT GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION:


Our project area is Villianur Commune Panchayat of Pondicherry Union Territory, South India. The villages are situated 10 k.m. away from Pondicherry town, where the Administrative office is
situated.

Our target villages are spread over in 25 kilometres diameter. The population of the Villianur Commune Panchayat is 1,14,285 spread over in 45 villages.



GENERAL CONDITIONS OF THE POPULATION IN THE PROJECT AREA:


The density in Villianur Commune Panchayat is 450. Average size of the family is 5. The population is predominantly Hindus about 87%. The second most followed religion is Islam with 10% and the remaining 3% are Christians belonging to different denominations.

The main economic activities are private industries and moreover agriculture. The area is a moderate fertile place. There are equal proportion of dry lands and wet lands. The foremost crop is paddy and the types of livestock are bulls and cows.



SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND LIVING SITUATIONS OF DALITS, OUR MAIN TARGET POPULATION


Dalits are socially discriminated, economically exploited, culturally oppressed, educationally neglected and politically voiceless on account of their socio-economic-political situations in India. This is the outcome of caste system that born of Hindu Society and religion formulated by the foreign Aryan invaders.
Therefore caste system was part and parcel of Hindu religion, which still perpetuates and rationalizes inequality and division at every stage in socio, economic, political and religious structures of India for more than 3000 years affecting millions of Indians.

The Dalits are landless people. They lack ancestral property. The work assigned to them was low mean, dirty and unproductive, so they were forced to live on charity dependency.
In India more than 90 % of Dalits are working as agricultural laborers, construction workers, road layers, head load carriers, porters, menial workers, firewood breakers, well diggers, scavengers, sweepers, peons, watchmen, and railway and port workers.

Only very few Dalits are working in the Government departments as administrative officers thanks to reservation.

Dalits are migratory laborers. Since most of the agricultural lands are occupied by industries, they lost the agricultural employment and move to the towns for employment.
They have to move from place to place according to the seasons in search of employment and income.
Their life is very much disturbed. They meet with lot of risks and uncertainties. Matured daughters become un-wed-mothers. Families break most of the time, as they become victims to police harassment.
Dalit women are mostly illiterates. Nearly 80 % illiteracy prevails among them. They are uneducated and unemployed. They go for agricultural work; their earnings are meager; their work is seasonal. As in other communities male domination keeps them under subjugation. Humiliations and insults are hurled on them. Only those women who fetch additional income are respected.
Usually they do not participate in the community affairs nor do they take part in the decision making process.

SITUATION OF CHILDREN

There are more children in the Dalit families. The drop out ratio of Dalit children is more when we compare with other community. This is because of economic reasons: according to the Dalit calculation more children means more income.
Dalit girls lack facilities for education. They very easily drop out from school, because they have to take care of babies at home, cook food, and fetch water and firewood. Girls are considered to be burden to the family as like other community in India.

HEALTH CONDITION

Since the target population has no adequate income, they do not take much care when they suffer from health problems that are tolerable. This leads to multiplication of the problem and high infant mortality rate. The common diseases are fever, malnutrition, anemia, diarrhea, jaundice, fungal infections, insect bites, scabies and night blindness. Only during emergencies (child-birth, dysentery, insect bites, poisoning, heart attacks and major injuries due to accidents) they rush to the nearby hospitals (which are in 10 km distance) and most of the times it is too late.


There are more children in the Dalit families. The drop out ratio of Dalit children is more when we compare with other community. This is because of economic reasons: according to the Dalit calculation more children means more income. Dalit girls lack facilities for education. They very easily drop out from school, because they have to take care of babies at home, cook food, and fetch water and firewood. Girls are considered to be burden to the family as like other community in India.


Applicant Information

History of RISE

Target Area

Ambitions

Achievements

Team Members

Partners

   In application of the laws concerning the intellectual property, it is forbidden to use the contents of this site to of the other one purposes than private purposes. You must have the agreement of the RISEs direction to use the sites content for another purpose.

© 2007, RISE, Puducherry

 RISE, No. 20, First Cross Street, Gnanapragasam Nagar, Puducherry - 605008, INDIA.